Educational Research tells us that teaching needs to be purposeful and explicit; learning needs to be rigorou, relevant, and transformative for all students; and assessments need to be common, formative and summative in design (Wiggins & McTighe, 2007; Marzano, 2009; Dean, Hubbell, Pitler, Stone, 2012; Benninghof, 2006).

Conestoga Valley School District’s Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment Framework is based on the concepts of Understanding by Design and The Art & Science of Teaching. The CV Framework blends the best of educational research in the areas of curriculum development; instructional strategies; and common, formative, and summative assessments. The enduring understandings of the CV framework are: a) Focus on Learning, b) Focus on Results, and c) Collaborative Culture. These three pillars are guided by four essential questions:

1) What do students need to learn?

2) How do we know they know it?

3) What are we going to do if they don’t get it?

4) What are we going to do if they already know it?